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Paul Thomas Anderson

Paul Thomas Anderson (born 1970, USA)

主要作品

  • There Will Be Blood (2007) (柏林銀熊)
  • Punch-Drunk Love (2002) (坎城佳導)
  • Magnolia (1999) (柏林金熊)
  • Boogie Nights (1997)

備受期待的美國新銳, 也是得獎紀錄嚇嚇叫 ^^

廣告

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Fatih Akin

Fatih Akin (born 1973, Germany)

主要作品

  • Soul Kitchen (2009) (威尼斯特別評審獎)
  • New York, I Love You (2009) (segment “Fatih Akin")
  • The Edge of Heaven (2007) … aka “Auf der anderen Seite" (坎城最佳劇本)
  • Crossing the Bridge–The Sound of Istanbul (2005)
  • Visions of Europe (2004) (segment “Die alten bösen Lieder")
  • Head On (2004) (柏林金熊)
  • Solino (2002)
  • In July (2000)
  • Short Sharp Shock (1998) (盧卡諾特別獎)

土耳其裔德國導演, 從小獎拿到大獎的新銳導演, Head On 和 The Edge of Heaven 橫掃當年各大影展, 也是我的年度最愛.

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Jean Cocteau

Jean Cocteau (IMDbWikipedia) (1989-1963, France)

主要作品

  • Testament of Orpheus (1960)
  • Orpheus (1950)
  • Les parents terribles (1948)
  • Beauty and the Beast (1946) … aka “La belle et la bête"
  • Les dames du Bois de Boulogne (1945) … aka “The Ladies of the Bois de Boulogne" (sceenwirter)
  • The Blood of a Poet (1930) … aka “Le sang d’un poète"

集詩人, 作家, 畫家, 劇作家, 導演於一身的傳奇藝術家~~

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Luis Buñuel

Luis Bunuel (1900-1983)

Senses of Cinema, IMDb, All-Movie Guide

主要工作地: Spain, Mexico, France

Filmography

  • Un Chien andalou (An Andalusian Dog) (1929) France
  • L’Age d’or (The Golden Age) (1930) France *
  • Las Hurdes (Land Without Bread) (1932) Spain *
  • Gran Casino (1946) Mexico
  • El gran calavera (The Great Carouser) (1949) Mexico
  • Los olvidados (The Young and the Damned) (1950) Mexico *
  • The Devil and the Flesh (Susana/Demonio y carne) (1950) Mexico
  • The Daughter of Deceit (La hija del engaño/Don Quintín el amargao) (1951) Mexico
  • A Loveless Woman (Una mujer sin amor) (1951) Mexico
  • Stairway to Heaven (Subida al cielo) (1951) Mexico
  • The Brute (El bruto) (1952) Mexico
  • Robinson Crusoe (1952) US
  • El (This Strange Passion) (1953) Mexico *
  • Illusion Travels by Streetcar (La ilusión viaja en tranvía) (1953) Mexico
  • Wuthering Heights (Abismos de pasión) (1954) Mexico
  • River of Death (El río y la muerte) (1954) Mexico
  • The Criminal Life of Archibaldo Cruz (Ensayo de un crimen) (1955) Mexico *
  • Cela s’appelle l’aurore (1955) France–Italy
  • La Mort en ce jardin (1956) France–Mexico
  • Nazarín (1958) Mexico *
  • La Fièvre monte à El Pao (1959) France–Mexico
  • The Young One (La Joven) (1960) US–Mexico
  • Viridiana (1961) Spain–Mexico *
  • The Exterminating Angel (El ángel exterminador) (1962) Mexico *
  • Diary of a Chambermaid (Le Journal d’une femme de chambre) (1963) France–Italy *
  • Simon of the Desert (Simón del desierto) (1965) Mexico
  • Belle de jour (1967) France–Italy
  • La Voie lactée (The Milky Way) (1969) France–Italy
  • Tristana (1970) Spain–France–Italy *
  • The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie (Le Charme discret de la bourgeoisie) (1972) France–Spain–Italy
  • The Phantom of Liberty (Le Fantôme de la liberté) (1974) France
  • That Obscure Object of Desire (Cet obscur objet du désir) (1977) France–Spain *

用大師大概還不能形容布紐爾的偉大, 因為從 30’s 到 70’s, 從黑白無聲到彩色有聲, 從西班牙, 墨西哥到法國, Luis Bunuel 本身就是一部電影史呀, 真希望原子印象也可以出布紐爾墨西哥時期的 DVD !

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Play Time (遊戲時間)

旅行移動影展

play-time

Play Time, 1967 (France) 120min

終於看到久聞的賈克大地的電影了. 長達三小時, 幽默呈現現代/未來生活冷酷機械化的 “Play Time" 不知怎地讓我想起 Fellini 的 La Dolce Vita (甜蜜生活), 大概是片段片段, 沒什麼劇情, 只看到主角到處晃來晃去吧 :P 本片雖然還不至於讓我笑出眼淚, 但是胡洛先生默劇式有點突兀, 不知所措的喜感真的是滿有趣的, 最讓人發笑的大概是高級餐廳那一段吧. 至於重金搭建的未來場景, 四十年後再看就普普, 不知為何電影中吱吱喳喳的英文背景對話一直讓我很不耐煩, 真希望有個鍵可以 delete 這些噪音.

( 劇情簡介) 《遊戲時間》是法國導演賈克大地 (Jacques Tati) 第四部電影,也是賈克大地作品中極受好評同時也最昂貴的作品。片中賈克大地再度扮演曾以《我的舅舅》、《胡洛先生的假期》而大受歡迎的角色胡洛先生。電影藉由胡洛先生和一個美國觀光客芭芭拉在未來巴黎的相遇以及兩人的巴黎之旅交錯敘述而成,一共分為〈機場〉、〈辦公室〉、〈世貿展覽〉、〈公寓〉、〈皇家公園〉和〈旋轉的車陣〉六個段落。

線條簡單的鋼鐵架構和大量玻璃的使用,反映出未來巴黎處處嶄新的建築,讓城市生活顯得規律、簡潔與冷酷,表達大地對現代化生活的觀察。只有導演飾演的胡洛先生,代表的是他所懷念與喜愛的舊巴黎生活,強烈的對比,和有點突兀、不知所措的喜感。也代表了大地對於新科技所帶來的新生活和人類互動的觀點。

《遊戲時間》從64年開拍,直到67年才完成,電影中最有名的即是片中出現許多未來城的場景,都是導演賈克大地堅持搭景出來的,耗時費力,甚至讓他舉債才完成這部電影。電影運用大量的偏灰、藍、黑等冷色系,看起來如同黑白電影,同時也在聲音上做了許多設計,來表達未來生活機械化感。楚浮給予本片極高評價,他說「《遊戲時間》彷彿是從另一個星球來的電影,它讓電影從此不一樣。」。

早在40年前,賈克大地就已以一個「未來世界」精準地描繪出「全球化」所將面臨的種種問題。近年來學者喜歡以「編舞家」來形容他,身體的移動、移動的目的與慾望、與人對身體的駕馭能力,全是主導他影片敘述的主軸。假如你已看過《遊戲時間》,一定知道這不是一部「看過就算擁有」的影片,而是一部值得一看再看,一部只有觀看時才讓我們自己覺得存在的影片。假如你還沒看過,那你需要事先知道的只是:這是一部幽默詼諧到令人笑出眼淚的影片。

Jacques Tati (1907-1982, France)

主要導演作品

  • Trafic (1971)
  • Play Time (1967)
  • Mon oncle (1958) … aka My Uncle
  • Les Vacances de Monsieur Hulot (1953) … aka Monsieur Hulot’s Holiday
  • Jour de fête (1949) … aka Holiday

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Bergman’s Repertory Company

Bergman’s Repertory Company (from Bergmanorama)

攝影師:

Gunnar Fischer (1910-)
Sven Nykvist (1922-2006) Obituary from The Guardian

雖然我還有一堆柏格曼的經典還沒看, 但是柏格曼重要的謬思 (女演員) 和銀幕代言人 (男演員) 都有看到. 這篇 對女演員的分析挺有意思的, 柏格曼這種 “不斷愛上女演員, 又厭棄而尋找新謬思" 的循環, 實在是…

女演員:

Eva Dahlbeck (1920-2008) Obituary from The Guardian
Harriet Andersson
(1932-)
Bibi Andersson (1935-)

Ingrid Thulin (1926-2004) Obituary from The Guardian

  • The War is Over (1966, Alain Resnais)
  • The Demand (1969, Luchino Visconti)

Liv Ullmann (1939-) Interview from The Guardian

男演員:

Gunnar Björnstrand (1909-1986)

Max von Sydow (1929-)

Indeed, in his best roles for Bergman (in which he has, more often than not, played husbands and artists), von Sydow has embodied the anguished soul who suffers as a result of his desires, or guilt, or the guilt he feels because of his desires.

Erland Josephson (1923-)

Unlike his contemporaries in Bergman Rep, most notably Max Von Sydow and Liv Ullmann, Josephson has not been lured to America to caricature his gloomy Scandinavian persona in Woody Allen comedies or to take parts as assassins in political thrillers. (以上可以套用到無數在歐洲藝術電影有所成就的演員和導演身上~~~)  He has been too busy in Sweden. He has published poetry, novels, short stories, stage plays, plays for radio and plays for television, and he has written several film scripts. He is active in Swedish Equity. He finds time to teach drama. Still, outside his native country, he remains in Bergman’s shadow.

notable non-bergman movies:

  • Ulysses’ Gaze (1995, Theo Angelopoulos)
  • Prospero’s Books (1991, Peter Greenway)
  • The Unbearable Lightness of Being (1988)
  • The Sacrifice (1986, Andrei Tarkovsky)

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Ingmar Bergman

Ingmar Bergman (Sweden, 1918-2007)

Bergmanorama the magic world of ingmar bergman
Topic from New York Times

主要作品
1946: Crisis (Kris)
1946: It Rains on Our Love (Det regnar på vår kärlek)
1947: A Ship Bound for India / The Land of Desire (Skepp till Indialand)
1948: Night is My Future / Music in Darkness (Musik i mörker)
1948: Port of Call / Harbour City / Seaport (Hamnstad)
1949: The Devil’s Wanton / Prison (Fängelse)
1949: Three Strange Loves / Thirst (Törst)
1950: To Joy (Till glädje)
1950: This Can’t Happen Here / High Tension (Sånt händer inte här)
1951: Summer Interlude / Illicit Interlude (Sommarlek)
1952: Secrets of Women / Waiting Women (Kvinnors väntan)
1953: Summer with Monika / Monika (Sommaren med Monika)
1953: Sawdust and Tinsel / The Naked Night (Gycklarnas afton)
1954: A Lesson in Love (En lektion i kärlek)
1955: Dreams / Journey into Autumn (Kvinnodröm)
1955: Smiles of a Summer Night (Sommarnattens leende)
1957: The Seventh Seal (Det sjunde inseglet)
1957: Wild Strawberries (Smultronstället)
1958: Brink of Life / So Close to Life (Nära livet)
1958: The Magician / The Face (Ansiktet) *
1960: The Virgin Spring (Jungfrukällan)
1960: The Devil’s Eye (Djävulens öga)
1961: Through a Glass Darkly (Såsom i en spegel)
1963: Winter Light / The Communicants (Nattvardsgästerna) *
1963: The Silence (Tystnaden) *
1964: All These Women / Now About These Women (För att inte tala om alla dessa kvinnor)
1966: Persona (Persona) *
1968: Hour of the Wolf (Vargtimmen)
1968: Shame (Skammen)
1969: The Rite / The Ritual (Riten)
1969: The Passion of Anna / A Passion (En passion)
1970: The Faro Document 1969 (Fårö-dokument)
1971: The Touch (Beröringen)
1972: Cries and Whispers (Viskningar och rop) *
1973: Scenes from a Marriage (Scener ur ett äktenskap) *
1975: The Magic Flute (Trollflöjten)
1976: Face to Face (Ansikte mot ansikte)
1977: The Serpent’s Egg (Das Schlangenei)
1978: Autumn Sonata (Herbstsonate) *
1980: From the Life of the Marionettes (Aus dem Leben des Marionetten)
1982: Fanny and Alexander (Fanny och Alexander) *
1984: After the Rehearsal (Efter repetitionen)
2003: Saraband (Saraband)

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