Archive for Directors S-Z

Play Time (遊戲時間)

旅行移動影展

play-time

Play Time, 1967 (France) 120min

終於看到久聞的賈克大地的電影了. 長達三小時, 幽默呈現現代/未來生活冷酷機械化的 “Play Time" 不知怎地讓我想起 Fellini 的 La Dolce Vita (甜蜜生活), 大概是片段片段, 沒什麼劇情, 只看到主角到處晃來晃去吧 :P 本片雖然還不至於讓我笑出眼淚, 但是胡洛先生默劇式有點突兀, 不知所措的喜感真的是滿有趣的, 最讓人發笑的大概是高級餐廳那一段吧. 至於重金搭建的未來場景, 四十年後再看就普普, 不知為何電影中吱吱喳喳的英文背景對話一直讓我很不耐煩, 真希望有個鍵可以 delete 這些噪音.

( 劇情簡介) 《遊戲時間》是法國導演賈克大地 (Jacques Tati) 第四部電影,也是賈克大地作品中極受好評同時也最昂貴的作品。片中賈克大地再度扮演曾以《我的舅舅》、《胡洛先生的假期》而大受歡迎的角色胡洛先生。電影藉由胡洛先生和一個美國觀光客芭芭拉在未來巴黎的相遇以及兩人的巴黎之旅交錯敘述而成,一共分為〈機場〉、〈辦公室〉、〈世貿展覽〉、〈公寓〉、〈皇家公園〉和〈旋轉的車陣〉六個段落。

線條簡單的鋼鐵架構和大量玻璃的使用,反映出未來巴黎處處嶄新的建築,讓城市生活顯得規律、簡潔與冷酷,表達大地對現代化生活的觀察。只有導演飾演的胡洛先生,代表的是他所懷念與喜愛的舊巴黎生活,強烈的對比,和有點突兀、不知所措的喜感。也代表了大地對於新科技所帶來的新生活和人類互動的觀點。

《遊戲時間》從64年開拍,直到67年才完成,電影中最有名的即是片中出現許多未來城的場景,都是導演賈克大地堅持搭景出來的,耗時費力,甚至讓他舉債才完成這部電影。電影運用大量的偏灰、藍、黑等冷色系,看起來如同黑白電影,同時也在聲音上做了許多設計,來表達未來生活機械化感。楚浮給予本片極高評價,他說「《遊戲時間》彷彿是從另一個星球來的電影,它讓電影從此不一樣。」。

早在40年前,賈克大地就已以一個「未來世界」精準地描繪出「全球化」所將面臨的種種問題。近年來學者喜歡以「編舞家」來形容他,身體的移動、移動的目的與慾望、與人對身體的駕馭能力,全是主導他影片敘述的主軸。假如你已看過《遊戲時間》,一定知道這不是一部「看過就算擁有」的影片,而是一部值得一看再看,一部只有觀看時才讓我們自己覺得存在的影片。假如你還沒看過,那你需要事先知道的只是:這是一部幽默詼諧到令人笑出眼淚的影片。

Jacques Tati (1907-1982, France)

主要導演作品

  • Trafic (1971)
  • Play Time (1967)
  • Mon oncle (1958) … aka My Uncle
  • Les Vacances de Monsieur Hulot (1953) … aka Monsieur Hulot’s Holiday
  • Jour de fête (1949) … aka Holiday
廣告

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Aleksandr Sokurov

Aleksandr Sokurov (1951-, Soviet Union)
Strictly film school, All about movies

劇情長片

  • The Degraded (1980)
  • Empire (1986)
  • Mournful Unconcern (1987)
  • The Lonely Voice of Man (1987)
  • Days of Eclipse (1988)
  • Save and Protect (1989)
  • The Second Circle (1990)
  • Stone (1992)
  • Whispering Pages (1993)
  • Mother and Son (1996)
  • Moloch (1999)
  • Taurus (2000)
  • Russian Ark (2002)
  • Father and Son (2003)
  • The Sun (2004)
  • Alexandra (2007)

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Luchino Visconti

Luchino Visconti (Italy, 1906-1976)

New York Times

主要作品

  • Ossessione [1943] *
  • La terra trema: Episodio del mare (the Earth Trembles) [1948]
  • Bellissima [1951]
  • Senso [1954] *
  • Notti bianche, Le (White Nights) [1957]
  • Rocco e i suoi fratelli (Rocco and His Brothers) [1960]
  • Gattopardo, Il (the Leopard) [1963]
  • Vaghe stelle dell’Orsa… (Sandra of a Thousand Delights) [1965]
  • Straniero, Lo (the Stranger) [1967]
  • Caduta degli dei, La (the Damned) [1969] *
  • Morte a Venezia (Death in Venice) [1971]
  • Ludwig [1972] *
  • Gruppo di famiglia in un interno (Conversation Piece) [1974]
  • Innocente, L’ (the Innocent) [1976]

luchino-visconti.jpg

雖然是因為 “魂斷威尼斯" 才認識 Visconti 這個義大利國寶導演之一, 但我心目中他真正最好的卻不是拿最坎城金棕櫚的魂斷威尼斯, 而是 Rocco 和 Gattopardo.

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François Truffaut

François Truffaut (France, 1932-1984)

senses of cinema, NYTimes
關於楚浮和他的四部電影 文/侯季然
念一位謳歌生命與情感的電影作家 文/黃建業

  • Les Quatre cents coups (The 400 Blows) (1959)
  • Tirez sur le pianiste (Shoot the Piano Player) (1960)
  • Jules et Jim (1962)
  • La Peau douce (The Soft Skin) (1964) *
  • Fahrenheit 451 (1965) *
  • La Mariée était en noir (The Bride Wore Black) (1967)
  • Baisers volés (Stolen Kisses) (1968) *
  • La Sirène du Mississippi (Mississippi Mermaid) (1969)
  • L’Enfant sauvage (The Wild Child) (1970)
  • Domicile conjugal (Bed and Board) (1970)
  • Les Deux anglaises et le continent (Two English Girls) (1971)
  • Une Belle fille comme moi (Such a Gorgeous Kid Like Me) (1972)
  • La Nuit américaine (Day for Night) (1973)
  • L’Histoire d’Adèle H. (The Story of Adele H.) (1975)
  • L’Argent de poche (Small Change) (1976)
  • L’Homme qui aimait les femmes (The Man Who Loved Women) (1977)
  • La Chambre Verte (The Green Room) (1978) *
  • L’Amour en fuite (Love on the Run) (1979)
  • Le Dernier métro (The Last Metro) (1980)
  • La Femme d’à côté (The Woman Next Door) (1981) *
  • Vivement dimanche! (Confidentially Yours) (1983)

truffaut-francois-1.jpg

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Scorsese’s Oscar win ends long wait

身為 Martin Scorsese 的影迷, 對 Marty 終於以 The Departed 得到奧斯卡最佳導演這個遲來的補償, 心情真是矛盾. 一方面我覺得Marty 根本不需要在意這座小金人, 他的成就和地位早不需獎盃來肯定, 如果終身槓龜, 那就可以列入 “沒拿過最佳導演的偉大天才導演" 之列 (eg. Alfred Hitchcock (5次提名), Robert Altman (5), Stanley Kubrick (4), Orson Welles (1)…) 畢竟人類歷史中, 那些天才藝術家/科學家的光芒, 普羅大眾總是沒辦法馬上接受的.

但另一方面, 由 Marty 今天領獎的情緒, 看的出來他是在意的 (he perhaps felt his career was not quite complete without it) 從Coppola, Lucas和 Spielberg 手中接過小金人, 影迷總是會為 Marty 得獎而高興, 當然這不是他最好的作品, 但反正也沒有真正實至名歸的最佳影片和導演 XD. BTW, 已經有很多年沒有純種美國的優秀電影了, The Departed 會拿下最佳影片/導演/改編劇本/剪輯, 也算預料之中吧~

The Last Temptation of Marty by David Thomson
這篇超級好笑, Marty 從奧斯卡前的失眠之夜到頒獎前, 和 St. Martin 的對話.

MARTIN: The great work. It is in the bank, as they say. Mean Streets…
MARTY: Uh-huh.
MARTIN: Taxi Driver …
MARTY: Yeah.
MARTIN: (sleepy)… Er,
MARTY (prompting): Raging Bull?
MARTIN: I was going to say New York New York.
MARTY: Oh, you liked that? You really liked that? I never realised you liked that. What did you like about that one?
MARTIN: Well…
MARTY: Because, actually, I hardly remember that one.
MARTIN: I know.

MARTY: You know, I’ll tell you the honest truth. I got in the car, in the limo, and I knew I would just as soon have told the guy, drive out to Malibu, and we’ll just blow the day. Hang the Oscars up. I mean, do I owe them? How many times have I been and done the good loser grin.
MARTIN: It has taught you so much about acting.
MARTY: And the mortification of the soul – don’t forget that.

MARTY: Are you out of your mind? I have to show I care. Unless I care, they can’t strip the skin from my face. You know nothing about being a Catholic!
MARTIN: Sorry, old chap. There’s this new thing with saints – we have to be neutral.
MARTY: Fucking Swedish is what you are!
MARTIN: Do calm down. Do you have an iPod? You could listen to opera, or something.
MARTY: So what do I do when it’s best director.
MARTIN: You could chat to Peter O’Toole. You know if he loses tonight it’s his eighth loss.
MARTY: He loses. Forest Whitaker is my man. You know who gave Forest his break?
MARTIN: No, I don’t think so.
MARTY: It was me. The Color of Money. The time Newman won.

MARTY: You see! Every shot of the audience I’m on camera.
MARTIN: Perhaps you’re going to win, old boy.
MARTY: For The Departed? You would want to win for that? Do you think I don’t get the point? I mean, do you think I’m really stupid?
MARTIN: I heard a rumour that The Departed might get best picture, too.
MARTY: That would be a disgrace. You see, for Taxi Driver I don’t get nominated. And then I win for The Departed. Do you not see the insult in that? I am going to leave.
MARTIN: You can’t. Your limo won’t be back for hours.

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Andrei Tarkovsky

Andrei Tarkovsky (Russia, 1932-1986)
senses of cinema

主要作品

  • The Steamroller and the Violin (Katok i skripka) (1960)
  • Ivan’s Childhood (Ivanovno detstvo) (1962)
  • Andrei Rublev (1969)
  • Solaris (1972)
  • Mirror (Zerkalo) (1974)
  • Stalker (1979)
  • Nostalgia (Nostalghia) (1983)
  • The Sacrifice (Offret) (1986)

andrei-tarkovsky.jpg

2005年台北電影節, 我錯過的另一個大遺珠.

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Wim Wenders

Wim Wenders (Germany, 1945- )

senses of cinema

主要作品

  • Summer in the City (1970)
  • The Goalkeeper’s Fear of the Penalty (Die Angst des Tormanns beim Elfmeter) (1971)
  • The Scarlet Letter (Der Scharlachrote Buchstabe) (1972)
  • Alice in the Cities (Alice in den Städten) (1973)
  • Wrong Move (Falsche Bewegung) (1975)
  • Kings of the Road (Im Lauf der Zeit) (1976) *
  • The American Friend (Der Amerikanische Freund) (1977)
  • Lightning Over Water (1980)
  • The State of Things (Der Stand der Dinge) (1982) *
  • Hammett (1982)
  • Paris, Texas (1984) *
  • Tokyo-ga (1985)
  • Wings of Desire (Der Himmel über Berlin) (1987)
  • Notebook on Cities and Clothes (Aufzeichnungen zu Kleidern und Städten) (1989)
  • Until the End of the World (Bis ans Ende der Welt) (1991)
  • Faraway, So Close! (In Weiter Ferne, so Nah!) (1993)
  • Lisbon Story (1994)
  • Beyond the Clouds (Al di là delle nuvole) (1995) co-directed
  • A Trick of the Light (Die Gebrüder Skladanowsky) (1996)
  • The End of Violence (1997)
  • Buena Vista Social Club (1998) doc
  • The Million Dollar Hotel (2000) *
  • Twelve Miles to Trona" (2002) part of Ten Minutes Older: the Trumpet
  • Land of Plenty (2004)
  • Don’t Come Knocking (2005)

溫德斯是另一個我很有興趣卻一直沒機會看到的導演.

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